Freud's Vienna
Kunsthistorisches Museum

Freud lived and worked in a large, central apartment at Berggasse 19 for 47 years, producing many of his most influential works there. By 1933, the Nazis had come to power; though Freud shrugged off increasingly virulent anti-Semitism, he eventually decided to leave for London just after the Anschluss. But his house remains, and was turned into the Sigmund Freud Museum in 1971, with a permanent exhibition devoted to the life and work of the founder of psychoanalysis.

In addition to a thought-provoking set of multimedia installations, the museum also houses Freud’s original waiting room where his patients once sat. University of Vienna Freud entered the University of Vienna at age 17 and went on to become a docent there, delivering small weekly lectures on his theories between 1886 to 1919. Today, a black marble bust of Freud can be found in the central courtyard of the University’s main campus, along with works depicting other leading lights of Vienna’s once-thriving science scene.

Freud’s likeness is a replica of a sculpture by David Paul Konigsberger, given to him in 1921 by a group of friends and followers. Sigmund Freud Park Right in front of the University, and next to the Ringstrasse—the grand boulevard along which Freud liked to stroll—sits Sigmund Freud Park, which surrounds the neo-Gothic Votive Church. The space was re-named for Vienna’s most famous psychoanalyst in 1984, and is home to a memorial stone engraved with a quote from Freud: “Die Stimme des Intellekts ist leise,” which translates to, “The voice of the intellect is a soft one". Jewish Museum Vienna. Freud was raised by a devoutly Jewish family, and he continued to connect with the secular aspects of that community throughout his adult life—he even initially refused to leave Vienna during the Nazi invasion in 1938. Freud also wrote once that his religious upbringing had “an enduring effect on the direction of my interest.” The Jewish Museum Vienna gives an in-depth and sobering look at the city’s Jewish history, placing special emphasis on the two World Wars. The three-story museum not only reflects the religious culture of Freud’s lifetime, but also celebrates Judaism’s place in the present and future world. Café Landtmann. Known for being Freud’s favourite haunt, the elegant Cafe Landtmann sits on the Ringstrasse, just a few steps from the university and Sigmund Freud Park.

One of Vienna’s oldest coffee houses, the spectacular Art Nouveau building retains its old-world splendor inside and out. The cafe was frequented by turn-of-the-century intelligentsia, such as composer Gustav Mahler and seminal modernist poet Peter Altenberg. Today, it continues to serve one of the city’s most delightful selections of cakes, pastries, and sweets. After relaxing at the Cafe Landtmann, Freud would often take a short walk to the incredible Kunsthistorisches Museum to admire its vast collection of ancient artwork. Freud was an avid lover of antiquities and sculptures, and the Kunsthistorisches is famous for its Egyptian, Greek, and Roman artifacts. Today, the museum continues to house stunning collections of archaic pieces, as well as a new modern and contemporary art program that launched in 2012. Another of Freud’s beloved spots was the Bellevue-Höhe in Vienna Woods, way out in the 19th District. From there, he could sit and look out across the entire city, no doubt contemplating his work. Today, a stele sits atop this hill, engraved with words lifted from a letter from Freud to his friend and fellow doctor, Wilhelm Fliess. “Do you suppose that someday, a marble table will be placed on the house inscribed with these words: ‘In this house on July 24th 1895, the secret of dreams was revealed to Dr. Sigm Freud?’ At this moment I see little prospect of it.” The Sigmund Freud Court is a public housing complex built between 1924 and 1925. The building is in Alsergrund, the 9th District of Vienna, where Freud lived and worked for several decades. The Art Deco-inspired complex earned its Freudian moniker back in 1949, and a plaque out front reads: "Dr. Sigmund Freud, Professor of Neurology at Vienna University, Founder of Psychoanlysis, 1856–1939.” The establishment is fully functional today, featuring a library, kindergarten, dentist office, and gorgeous views of the Danube Canal.

(Text gathered by Redazione)

(Photo Sigmund Freud, Kunsthistorisches Museum)